Course Catalog

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Course #
Course Title
Course Level
Units
ACEN 110A
Advanced Academic English 1
Upper Division
5 units
Students develop an academic vocabulary and successful reading strategies in English in order to understand high-level academic texts. Students also practice pronunciation and apply the rules of grammar to written and spoken academic language through weekly oral presentations and written assignments. Enrollment by instructor consent only. Enrollment is restricted to international students.
ACEN 110B
Advanced Academic English 2
Upper Division
5 units
Students continue to develop an academic vocabulary (e.g., collocations, idiomatic expressions), which is a significant contributor to successful academic reading and writing. Students also practice complex sentence structures in written and spoken language through weekly oral presentations and written assignments. Enrollment is by instructor consent only. Enrollment is restricted to international students.
ACEN 110C
Advanced Academic English 3
Upper Division
5 units
Students continue to develop an academic vocabulary, and practice reading and writing complex sentences in English with a high level of grammatical and stylistic accuracy. Students also increase their oral fluency and pragmatic skills and their awareness of second-language learning. Enrollment is by instructor consent only. Enrollment is restricted to international students.
ACEN 110D
Advanced Academic English 4
Upper Division
5 units
Students continue to develop an academic vocabulary, and practice reading and writing complex essays in English with a high level of grammatical and stylistic accuracy. Students also continue to increase their oral fluency, pragmatic skills, and awareness of second-language learning. Enrollment is by instructor consent only. Enrollment is restricted to international students.
APLX 80
Introduction to Applied Linguistics
Lower Division
5 units
Introduces the field of applied linguistics, learning about language acquisition, use, and teaching in multilingual contexts from multiple disciplinary perspectives. Also, introduces research models that examine psycholinguistic, sociolinguistic, and/or educational aspects of multilingualism.. Enrollment limited to 40. (General Education Code(s): PE-H.)
APLX 101
Second-Language Acquisition
Upper Division
5 units
Introduces the field of second-language acquisition. Topics include contexts of acquisition, the impact of individual differences, and basic methods of data collection and analysis. Prerequisite(s): course 80 or linguistics 50. Enrollment limited to 40.
APLX 102
Bilingualism
Upper Division
5 units
An overview of bilingualism. Focuses on bilingualism as an individual phenomenon (i.e., how two languages develop and are represented in the minds of individual speakers), and as a social one (i.e., how do bilinguals interact in a community and how does this context of language contact shape their linguistic identity). Prerequisite(s): course 80 or linguistics 50. Enrollment limited to 40.
APLX 112
Language and Gender
Upper Division
5 units
Examines the relationship between language and gender. Topics include: gender differences in speech; linguistic gender norms and stereotypes; gender and the construction of identity in discourse; sexuality and language; sexism in language; social, educational, and political implications. (Formerly Languages 112.)
APLX 113
Inter-Cultural Communication
Upper Division
5 units
Examines intercultural communication and miscommunication between individuals and speech communities, both within North American and global contexts. Through discourse and analytic approaches, students explore cultural stereotypes and interactional expectations, among other issues, that influence the outcome of intercultural communication. (Formerly Languages 113, Cross-Cultural Communication and Miscommunication.) Enrollment restricted to juniors and seniors. Enrollment limited to 25. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
APLX 115
Language and Power
Upper Division
5 units
Examines the relationship between language and power. Explores the ways in which national languages, regional and social dialects, and specific phonological morpho-syntactic, or lexical features come to be associated with particular social meanings and contribute to creating social inequality. Prerequisite(s): course 80. Enrollment is restricted to sophomores, juniors, and seniors. Enrollment limited to 25.
APLX 116
Discourse Analysis: Language Use and Context
Upper Division
5 units
Familiarizes students with the methods and theoretical assumptions behind discourse analytic approaches to the study of language. Examines language used in specific contexts. Topics include: genres, registers; discourse organization; discourse grammar; interaction; conversation; pragmatics; and social practice. Prerequisite(s): Linguistics 50 or by consent of the instructor. Enrollment restricted to juniors and seniors.
APLX 135
Second Language Teaching
Upper Division
5 units
Introduces the theories of second-language acquisition and their connection to second-language teaching. Students develop cutting-edge teaching and testing materials, and engage with current scholarship on language instruction. Prerequisite(s): at least one year of college-level study of a foreign language, or its equivalent. Enrollment restricted to juniors and seniors, and by permission of instructor. Students cannot receive credit for this course and course 235. Enrollment limited to 20.
APLX 190
Research Seminar in Applied Linguistics
Upper Division
5 units
Prepares students to conduct research in applied linguistics. Students evaluate published studies that represent both quantitative and qualitative methods. Prerequisite(s): courses 80 and 101; satisfaction of the Entry Level Writing and Composition requirements. Enrollment is restricted to seniors.
APLX 235
Second Language Teaching
Graduate
5 units
Helps novice instructors learn about the theory and practice of language teaching and learning. Focuses on current methods used in communicatively oriented classrooms. Topics include: listening comprehension, grammar, vocabulary, reading, writing, and testing/assessment. Students cannot receive credit for this course and course 135. (Formerly Language Studies 201.) Enrollment restricted to graduate students. Enrollment limited to 20.
CHIN 1
First-Year Chinese
Lower Division
5 units
Instruction in elementary spoken and written Chinese (Mandarin), beginning with the sounds of Chinese and their representation in the pinyin romanization system. Conversation, structural analysis, and an introduction to character texts. The first-year sequence (1-2-3) begins only in the fall quarter. Students interested in learning Chinese who are uncertain about where they should enter the sequence should meet with the instructor prior to the first class meeting. (Formerly Instruction in the Chinese (Mandarin) Language.)
CHIN 2
First-Year Chinese
Lower Division
5 units
Continuation of Chinese 1, which assumes that students are familiar both with the pinyin romanization system and approximately 150 basic characters. (Formerly Instruction in the Chinese (Mandarin) Language.) Prerequisite(s): course 1 or by consent of instructor.
CHIN 3
First-Year Chinese
Lower Division
5 units
Continuation of Chinese 2, which assumes that students are familiar both with the pinyin romanization system and approximately 300 basic characters. (Formerly Instruction in the Chinese (Mandarin) Language.) Prerequisite(s): course 2 or by consent of instructor.
CHIN 4
Second-Year Chinese
Lower Division
5 units
Instruction in intermediate spoken and written Chinese (Mandarin). Conversation, composition, and the reading of modern texts. The second-year sequence (4-5-6) begins only in the fall quarter. (Formerly Intermediate Chinese (Mandarin).) Prerequisite(s): course 3 or by consent of instructor.
CHIN 4H
Accelerated Chinese for Heritage Speakers
Lower Division
5 units
Intensive instruction in spoken and written Chinese for heritage students whose limited proficiency in Mandarin or limited familiarity with characters requires an accelerated review of the sounds, sentence patterns, and basic vocabulary before joining the Chinese sequence above the elementary level. Students who successfully complete Chinese 4H proceed to Chinese 5. Enrollment by instructor consent.
CHIN 5
Second-Year Chinese
Lower Division
5 units
Continuation of Chinese 4. Conversation, composition, and the reading of modern texts. (Formerly Intermediate Chinese (Mandarin).) Prerequisite(s): course 4 or 4H or by consent of instructor.
CHIN 5H
Accelerated Chinese for Heritage Speakers
Lower Division
5 units
Intensive instruction in spoken and written Chinese for heritage students whose limited proficiency in Mandarin or limited familiarity with characters requires an accelerated review of the sounds, sentence patterns, and basic vocabulary before joining the Chinese sequence above the elementary level. Students who successfully complete Chinese 5H proceed to Chinese 6. Prerequisite(s): Course 4H or by consent of instructor.
CHIN 6
Second-Year Chinese
Lower Division
5 units
Continuation of Chinese 5. Conversation, composition, and the reading of modern texts. (Formerly Intermediate Chinese (Mandarin).) Prerequisite(s): course 5 or 5H or by consent of instructor. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
CHIN 99
Tutorial
Lower Division
5 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
CHIN 103
Advanced Chinese: Language and Society
Upper Division
5 units
Designed to enhance the students' ability to understand, analyze, and discuss authentic Chinese reading materials. Chinese linguistic and cultural aspects are introduced. (Formerly Advanced Chinese.) Prerequisite(s): course 6 or by consent of instructor. (General Education Code(s): TA.)
CHIN 104
Advanced Chinese: Readings in Literature
Upper Division
5 units
Close readings in Chinese vernacular literature of recognized merit from contemporary and modern writers as wells as from models from the traditional period. Student are introduced to the basic critical issues, in Chinese, relating to narrative and drama, revealed by the works under discussion. Prerequisite(s): course 103 or 105 or 107 or 108; or by consent of instructor. (General Education Code(s): TA.)
CHIN 105
Advanced Chinese: Readings in History
Upper Division
5 units
Offers an appreciation of some of the central issues in Chinese history as defined by Chinese historians of the 20th century. Through readings of graduated difficulty, the vocabulary, style, and form of modern Chinese historical writing are introduced. Prerequisite(s): course 103 or 104 or 107 or 108; or by consent of instructor. (General Education Code(s): TA.)
CHIN 107
Introduction to Classical Chinese Prose
Upper Division
5 units
Introduces the grammar and lexicon of classical Chinese and the language of China's pre-modern canonical writings in philosophy, religion, history, music, visual art, and literature. Reading from the Han and pre-Han era is featured. (Formerly Introduction to Classical Chinese.) Prerequisite(s): course 103 or 104 or 105 or 108; or by consent of instructor. Enrollment limited to 25. (General Education Code(s): TA.)
CHIN 108
Introduction to Classical Chinese Poetry
Upper Division
5 units
Introduces the grammar and lexicon of classical Chinese and the language of China's pre-modern canonical writings in philosophy, religion, history, music, visual art, and literature. Classical poetry and lyrics are featured. Prerequisite(s): course 103 or 104 or 105 or 107; or by consent of instructor. (General Education Code(s): TA.)
CHIN 199
Tutorial
Upper Division
5 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
CHIN 199F
Tutorial
Upper Division
2 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
FREN 1
First-Year French
Lower Division
5 units
Introduction to French language and culture with practice in all four language skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Intended for students with no previous study of French. (Formerly Instruction in the French Language.)
FREN 2
First-Year French
Lower Division
5 units
Further development of cultural competence and basic French language skills, both written and spoken. Students learn past tenses in this course. (Formerly Instruction in the French Language.) Prerequisite(s): course 1 or placement by interview.
FREN 3
First-Year French
Lower Division
5 units
Final quarter of first-year sequence. Students complete study of French language basics, including the future tense and the conditional and the subjunctive moods, while continuing to learn about French and Francophone cultures. (Formerly Instruction in the French Language.) Prerequisite(s): course 2 or placement by interview.
FREN 4
Second-Year French
Lower Division
5 units
First course in intermediate sequence. Students review and expand upon their previous study of the language through short literary readings, vocabulary building, grammar study, composition, and discussions. (Formerly Intermediate French.) Prerequisite(s): course 3 or placement by interview. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
FREN 5
Second-Year French
Lower Division
5 units
Further development of intermediate-level oral and written skills through study of vocabulary and structures. Students also read and discuss a French or Francophone play. Prerequisite(s): course 4 or placement by interview. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
FREN 6
Second-Year French
Lower Division
5 units
Final course of intermediate sequence includes grammar study, vocabulary building, extensive writing, and discussion. Reading of a French or Francophone novel is an integral part of course. Prerequisite(s): course 5 or placement by interview. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
FREN 99
Tutorial
Lower Division
5 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
FREN 99F
Tutorial
Lower Division
2 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
FREN 108
French Cinema
Upper Division
5 units
Investigation of a variety of topics (historical, cultural, and linguistic) in France and the French-speaking world. Topics are explored through film. Conducted in English. (Formerly couse 80.) Enrollment limited to 40. May be repeated for credit. (General Education Code(s): IM.)
FREN 111
Stylistics
Upper Division
5 units
Intensive work in French composition with the aim of attaining fluency and accuracy of expression while developing literary appreciation. May be repeated for credit with consent of instructor. Prerequisite(s): course 6. Students interested in this course who have not taken the prerequisite should meet with the instructor prior to the first class meeting. May be repeated for credit.
FREN 114
French Phonetics
Upper Division
5 units
Introduction to the French sound system and basic phonetics. Extensive practice of French pronunciation and phonetic transcriptions of both written and spoken language samples. Prerequisite(s): course 6. Enrollment limited to 20.
FREN 120
French Linguistics
Upper Division
5 units
Major topics in contemporary French linguistics, covering both formal and social properties of French. Descriptive and theoretical study of phonetics and phonology, lexicon, morphology, syntax, sociolinguistic variation, status of regional and minority languages, and language planning. Taught in French. Prerequisite(s): course 6 or equivalent proficiency in French or by consent of the instructor.
FREN 121
History of the French Language
Upper Division
5 units
Overview of the history and development of the French language from Latin to early modern French. Sound changes, grammatical and lexical changes, language policy (e.g., l'Academie francaise), external influences on the language. Taught in French. Prerequisite(s): course 6 or equivalent proficiency in French, or by permission of the instructor.
FREN 125A
French Civilization: 19th Century
Upper Division
5 units
Survey of the important historical events, social changes, and artistic movements contributing to the development of French culture during the 19th century. Prerequisite(s): course 6.
FREN 125B
French Civilization: 20th Century
Upper Division
5 units
A survey of the important historical events, social changes, and artistic movements contributing to the development of French culture during the 20th century. Prerequisite(s): course 6.
FREN 130
French for Professions
Upper Division
5 units
Students better understand administrative organization in France through preparation of their own professional dossier in French, and preparation to look for professional opportunities in France. Taught in French. Prerequisite(s): course 6, or equivalent proficiency in French, or by permission of the instructor.
FREN 136
La Francophonie
Upper Division
5 units
In-depth multidisciplinary study of one or more French-speaking regions of the world. Topics may include history, language, society, literature, and the arts. All coursework will be done in French. Prerequisite(s): course 6. May be repeated for credit.
FREN 199
Tutorial
Upper Division
5 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
FREN 199F
Tutorial
Upper Division
2 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
GERM 1
First-Year German
Lower Division
5 units
German 1, a beginning-level course, introduces the German language and culture for students with no previous knowledge of German. The course focuses on speaking, reading, writing, and listening. The first-year sequence (1-2-3) starts in fall quarter only. (An accelerated sequence, courses 1A-1B, begins in winter quarter.) (Formerly Instruction in the German Language.)
GERM 1A
Accelerated German
Lower Division
5 units
Accelerated course covers German 1 and part of German 2. It is designed for motivated beginning students. Students develop skills in speaking, reading, writing, and listening to real-life German. (Formerly Intensive Elementary German.)
GERM 1B
Accelerated German
Lower Division
5 units
Accelerated course part 2 covers part of German 2 and all of German 3. In this course, students who have successfully completed German 1A (or its equivalent) continue to develop competence in speaking, reading, writing, and understanding real-life German. (Formerly Intensive Elementary German.) Prerequisite(s): course 1A or 2 or placement by examination. For students completing course 2, course 3 is preferable.
GERM 2
First-Year German
Lower Division
5 units
German 2, a second-quarter course, is designed for students who have successfully completed German 1 (or its equivalent). Students continue to develop competence in speaking, reading, writing, and understanding in the context of real-life language use. (Formerly Instruction in the German Language.) Prerequisite(s): course 1 or 1A or placement by examination.
GERM 3
First-Year German
Lower Division
5 units
German 3 is designed for students who have successfully completed German 2 (or its equivalent; e.g., 2-3 years of high school German). Students continue to develop competence in speaking, reading, writing, and understanding real-life German. (Formerly Instruction in the German Language.) Prerequisite(s): course 2 or placement by examination.
GERM 4
Second-Year German
Lower Division
5 units
Intermediate composition and conversation based on the reading of selected prose and related cultural material. Speaking, reading, writing, and listening comprehension skills are developed by extensive use of media materials. Conducted entirely in German. Prerequisite(s): course 1B or 3 or placement by examination. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
GERM 5
Second-Year German
Lower Division
5 units
Intermediate composition and conversation based on the reading of selected prose and related cultural material. Speaking, reading, writing, and listening comprehension skills are developed by extensive use of media materials. Conducted entirely in German. Prerequisite(s): course 4 or placement by examination. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
GERM 6
Second-Year German
Lower Division
5 units
Intermediate composition and conversation based on the reading of selected prose and related cultural material. Speaking, reading, writing, and listening comprehension skills are developed by extensive use of media materials. Conducted entirely in German. Prerequisite(s): course 5 or placement by examination. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
GERM 94
Group Tutorial
Lower Division
5 units
Provides a means for a small group of students to study a particular topic in consultation with a faculty sponsor. Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
GERM 99
Tutorial
Lower Division
5 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
GERM 99F
Tutorial
Lower Division
2 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
GERM 119
German Media
Upper Division
5 units
This third-year language and culture course is designed for students who are comfortable speaking and writing German at the German 5 level or above. Using a variety of German media sources, students give oral presentations and write reports on contemporary issues. Taught in German. Prerequisite(s): course 5 or placement by examination. Enrollment limited to 25. May be repeated for credit. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
GERM 194
Group Tutorial
Upper Division
5 units
Provides a means for a small group of students to study a particular topic in consultation with a faculty sponsor. Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
GERM 199
Tutorial
Upper Division
5 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
GERM 199F
Tutorial
Upper Division
2 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
HEBR 1
First-Year Hebrew
Lower Division
5 units
Speaking, listening comprehension, reading, and writing fundamentals. The use of Modern Hebrew is encouraged through classroom practice supplemented by work with computer tutorials. The first-year sequence (1-2-3) begins in fall quarter only. (Formerly Instruction in the Hebrew Language.)
HEBR 2
First-Year Hebrew
Lower Division
5 units
Speaking, listening comprehension, reading, and writing fundamentals. The use of Modern Hebrew is encouraged through classroom practice supplemented by work with computer tutorials. (Formerly Instruction in the Hebrew Language.) Prerequisite(s): course 1 or by consent of instructor.
HEBR 3
First-Year Hebrew
Lower Division
5 units
Speaking, listening comprehension, reading, and writing fundamentals. The use of Modern Hebrew is encouraged through classroom practice supplemented by work with computer tutorials. (Formerly Instruction in the Hebrew Language.) Prerequisite(s): course 2 or by consent of instructor.
HEBR 4
Second-Year Hebrew
Lower Division
5 units
Development of the students' familiarity with the spoken and written language through grammar review, discussions, and vocabulary building. Varied readings on literary and cultural topics related to modern Israel. Prerequisite(s): course 1B or 3 or by consent of instructor.
HEBR 80
Introduction to Biblical Hebrew
Lower Division
5 units
Introduces students to the basic lexicon and grammatical structures of biblical Hebrew, with an emphasis on the development of a set of useful translation strategies. Throughout the course, students will be applying their emergent skills to translating a variety of biblical texts.
HEBR 194
Group Tutorial
Upper Division
5 units
Provides a means for a small group of students to study a particular topic in consultation with a faculty sponsor. Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. Enrollment limited to 10. May be repeated for credit.
HEBR 199
Tutorial
Upper Division
5 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
HEBR 199F
Tutorial
Upper Division
2 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
ITAL 1
First-Year Italian
Lower Division
5 units
During the first quarter of this first-year sequence, students learn to introduce themselves, to talk about their daily activities and hobbies, to describe themselves and their friends/families, and to recount past events. The first-year sequence (1-2-3) begins in fall quarter.
ITAL 1A
Accelerated Italian
Lower Division
5 units
The first quarter of accelerated instruction in elementary Italian language. The accelerated pace allows a rapid mastery of grammar and vocabulary, giving students a basic knowledge of Italian in only two quarters. Completion of the sequence is equivalent to the completion of the 1-2-3 sequence. This sequence starts once a year in the winter quarter.
ITAL 1B
Accelerated Italian
Lower Division
5 units
The second quarter of accelerated instruction in elementary Italian language. The accelerated pace allows a rapid mastery of grammar and vocabulary, giving students a basic knowledge of Italian in only two quarters. Completion of the sequence is equivalent to the completion of the 1-2-3 sequence. (Formerly Intensive Elementary Italian.) Prerequisite(s): course 1A or 2 or placement by examination. For students completing course 2, course 3 is preferable.
ITAL 2
First-Year Italian
Lower Division
5 units
During the second quarter of this first-year sequence, students learn to tell a story in the past, to make plans about their future, and to express commands and requests. The sequence starts once a year in the fall quarter. (Formerly Instruction in the Italian Language.) Prerequisite(s): course 1 or placement by examination.
ITAL 3
First-Year Italian
Lower Division
5 units
During the third quarter of this first-year sequence, students learn to talk about historical events, to formulate hypothetical scenarios, to express wishes, desires, doubts, and opinions, and to discuss more abstract topics (e.g., immigration, work, politics). (Formerly Instruction in the Italian Language.) Prerequisite(s): course 2 or placement by examination.
ITAL 4
Second-Year Italian
Lower Division
5 units
Short stories, articles, films, and newsclips are used as the basis for studying intermediate-level conversation and composition. Laboratory assignments involve use of the World Wide Web, conversations with native speakers, films and video clips. Students interested in this course who have not taken the prerequisite at UCSC should meet with the instructor, preferably prior to the first class meeting, and take the placement examination. Prerequisite(s): course 1B or 3 or placement by examination. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
ITAL 5
Second-Year Italian
Lower Division
5 units
Reading of Italian short stories and a play are used as basis for further study and refinement of oral and written skills at the intermediate level. Particular emphasis is placed on oral/written discussion of abstract ideas and topics, and on the study of different language registers/contexts. Laboratory work is regularly assigned. Students interested in this course who have not taken the prerequisite at UCSC should meet with the instructor, preferably prior to the first class meeting and take the placement examination. Prerequisite(s): course 4 or placement by examination. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
ITAL 6
Second-Year Italian
Lower Division
5 units
Reading of first novel in the language and weekly viewing of Italian films serve as basis for oral reports and discussions on various aspects of Italian culture and civilization. Weekly assignments, three essays, and a paper on topics derived from or related to the text. Students interested in this course who have not taken the prerequisite at UCSC should meet with the instructor, preferably prior to the first class meeting, and take the placement examination. Prerequisite(s): course 5 or placement by examination. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
ITAL 80
Italian Culture Through Cinema
Lower Division
5 units
Film is used as a medium through which images of Italians and their culture are disseminated, perpetuated, and crystallized. Whether these representations offer historical perspectives or stereotypes, they are important documents for the study of Italian culture, society, history, and politics. Students cannot receive credit for this course and Italian 106. (Formerly Languages 80D.) May be repeated for credit. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
ITAL 99
Tutorial
Lower Division
5 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
ITAL 99F
Tutorial
Lower Division
2 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
ITAL 100
Advanced Italian Composition and Conversation
Upper Division
5 units
Provides intensive practice in oral and written Italian. Focuses on vocabulary building and increased oral and written expression. Active student participation is essential and constitutes a significant portion of the course including class discussions, oral presentations, written reports, responses and essays, using different genres of writing, including, but not limited to diaries, epistles (formal and informal), blogs, text messaging, dialogues, short stories, memoirs, interviews, podcasts, and media language. Prerequisite(s): course 6 or by permission of the instructor.
ITAL 106
Italian Culture Through Film
Upper Division
5 units
Film is used as a medium through which images of Italians and their culture are disseminated, perpetuated, and crystallized. Students focus on pivotal issues in Italian culture, society, history, and politics, and develop an informed opinion on relevant issues in Italian studies. The course is taught in English with a mandatory enhancement section in Italian. The enhancement section meets once a week and is designed to give students who are already familiar with the language the opportunity to discuss the films in Italian and to read/view additional material in the language. Students cannot receive credit for this course and Italian 80 (formerly Languages 80D). Prerequisite(s): course 6. May be repeated for credit. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
ITAL 199
Tutorial
Upper Division
5 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
ITAL 199F
Tutorial
Upper Division
2 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
JAPN 1
First-Year Japanese
Lower Division
5 units
Students carry out beginning-level tasks that involve listening, speaking, reading, and/or writing, and learn how to read and write Japanese scripts (hiragana, katakana, and about 40 kanji). (Formerly Instruction in the Japanese Language.)
JAPN 2
First-Year Japanese
Lower Division
5 units
Students carry out beginning-level tasks that involve listening, speaking, reading, and/or writing, and learn how to read and write 70 additional kanji. (Formerly Instruction in the Japanese Language.) Prerequisite(s): course 1 or by consent of instructor.
JAPN 3
First-Year Japanese
Lower Division
5 units
Students carry out beginning-level tasks that involve listening, speaking, reading, and/or writing, and learn how to read and write 70 additional kanji. (Formerly Instruction in the Japanese Language.) Prerequisite(s): course 2 or by consent of instructor.
JAPN 4
Second-Year Japanese
Lower Division
5 units
Students carry out intermediate-level tasks that involve listening, speaking, reading, and/or writing, and learn how to read and write 70 additional kanji. Prerequisite(s): course 3 or by consent of instructor.
JAPN 5
Second-Year Japanese
Lower Division
5 units
Students develop intermediate-level competence in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in diverse social contexts; acquire a deeper and broader understanding of Japanese society and culture; and learn how to read and write 70 additional kanji characters. Prerequisite(s): course 4 or by consent of instructor. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
JAPN 6
Second-Year Japanese
Lower Division
5 units
Students carry out intermediate-level tasks that involve listening, speaking, reading, and/or writing, and learn how to read and write 100 additional kanji. Emphasis is placed on developing the student's cultural knowledge relevant to inter-cultural communication. Prerequisite(s): course 5 or by consent of instructor. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
JAPN 99
Tutorial
Lower Division
5 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
JAPN 99F
Tutorial
Lower Division
2 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
JAPN 103
Advanced Japanese
Upper Division
5 units
Students carry out advanced-level tasks that involve listening, speaking, reading, and/or writing, and learn how to read and write 100 additional kanji. Emphasis placed on developing the student's cultural knowledge about Japan as well as knowledge relevant to inter-cultural communication. Prerequisite(s): course 6 or by consent of instructor.
JAPN 104
Advanced Japanese
Upper Division
5 units
Students carry out advanced-level tasks that involve listening, speaking, reading, and/or writing, and learn how to read and write 100 additional kanji. Emphasis placed on developing the student's cultural knowledge about Japan as well as knowledge relevant to inter-cultural communication. Prerequisite(s): course 103 or by consent of instructor.
JAPN 105
Advanced Japanese
Upper Division
5 units
Students carry out advanced-level tasks that involve listening, speaking, reading, and/or writing, and learn how to read and write 100 additional kanji. Further development of cultural knowledge and understanding through critical examination of authentic Japanese materials in a variety of genres, including literary work, expository writing, and films. May be repeated for credit with consent of instructor. Prerequisite(s): course 104 or by consent of instructor. (General Education Code(s): TA.)
JAPN 109
Japanese Language, Culture, and Society
Upper Division
5 units
Critical reading of Japanese texts, such as essays, film scripts, and novels in regard to linguistic diversity related to cultural and social diversity. Topics include standard Japanese and regional variation, politeness and honorifics, age-related stylistic variation, and gendered language. Prerequisite(s): Japanese 104 or by consent of instructor. Enrollment limited to 25. (General Education Code(s): TA.)
LAAD 210
Oral Communication in the U.S. Classroom: Strategies for International T.A.s
Graduate
2 units
Seminar for international graduate students who speak English as a second or foreign language. Focuses on oral competency and serves to qualify students as graduate teaching assistants in UCSC classrooms or laboratories. Enrollment restricted to international graduate students; language assessment administered by the Graduate Division.
PORT 1A
Accelerated Portuguese
Lower Division
5 units
This course is the first quarter of an accelerated two-quarter series (1A-B), which, taken together, are equivalent to first-year instruction. This intensive class requires no background in the Romance languages, and emphasizes all language skills, including cultural competence. (Formerly Intensive Elementary Portuguese.)
PORT 1B
Accelerated Portuguese
Lower Division
5 units
This course is sequential to course 1A, and completes first-year accelerated instruction. This intensive class is designed for students with no background in the Romance languages, and emphasizes all language skills, including cultural competence. (Formerly Intensive Elementary Portuguese.) Prerequisite(s): course 1A, or by consent of instructor.
PORT 60A
Accelerated Portuguese for Speakers of Romance Languages
Lower Division
5 units
The first quarter of accelerated first-year instruction (60A-B). Designed for students with four quarters of college-level Spanish, French, Italian, or Catalan, and native speakers of these Romance languages (including heritage speakers of Portuguese). Emphasizes all language skills, including cultural competence. (Formerly Advanced Beginning and Intermediate Portuguese.) Prerequisite(s): Spanish 4 or Spanish for Heritage Speakers 4 or Spanish for Spanish Speakers 61 or French 4 or Italian 4 or Spanish Placement Examination score of 50 or by consent of instructor.
PORT 60B
Accelerated Portuguese for Speakers of Romance Languages
Lower Division
5 units
The second quarter of the 60A-B series completes first-year accelerated instruction of Portuguese for speakers of Spanish, French, Italian, or Catalan, and native speakers of these Romance languages (including heritage speakers of Portuguese). Emphasizes all language skills, including cultural competence. (Formerly Advanced Beginning and Intermediate Portuguese.) Prerequisite(s): course 60A, or by consent of instructor.
PORT 65A
Accelerated Intermediate Portuguese
Lower Division
5 units
A systematic grammar review is combined with literacy and cultural readings, while communicative exercises focus on improving students' ability to understand and hold sustained conversations. Students expand their vocabulary and knowledge of Brazil and other Portuguese-speaking cultures through films, popular music, and other culturally authentic materials. Prerequisite(s): course 1B or 60B, or by consent of instructor. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
PORT 65B
Accelerated Intermediate Portuguese
Lower Division
5 units
Sequential to course 65A, completes second-year accelerated instruction. A systematic grammar review is combined with literacy and cultural readings, while communicative exercises focus on improving students' ability to understand and hold sustained conversations. Students expand their vocabulary and knowledge of Brazil and other Portuguese-speaking cultures through films, popular music, and other culturally authentic materials. Prerequisite(s): course 65A, or by consent of instructor. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
PORT 80
Voices from the Portuguese-Speaking World: Portugal, Brazil and Africa
Lower Division
5 units
Examines key literary texts and films of the Portuguese-speaking world (Brazil, Portugual, and Africa), and the strategies they use to portray notions of national identity, which were transformed and enriched by transnational contact. Taught in English. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
PORT 99
Tutorial
Lower Division
5 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency.
PORT 99F
Tutorial
Lower Division
2 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency.
PORT 199
Tutorial
Upper Division
5 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency.
PORT 199F
Tutorial
Upper Division
2 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency.
PUNJ 1A
Accelerated First-Year Punjabi
Lower Division
5 units
Accelerated instruction in elementary Punjabi language. Students develop skills in speaking, reading, writing, and listening to real-life Punjabi. The accelerated pace allows for a rapid mastery of grammar and vocabulary; the course is designed for motivated beginning students.
PUNJ 1B
Accelerated First-Year Punjabi
Lower Division
5 units
Second quarter of accelerated instruction in the Punjabi language. Students develop skills in speaking, reading, writing, and listening to real-life Punjabi. The accelerated pace allows for a rapid mastery of grammar and vocabulary; the course is designed for motivated beginning students. Prerequisite(s): course 1A or permission of the instructor.
RUSS 1
First-Year Russian
Lower Division
5 units
Aural comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Recitation and laboratory. Elementary sequence (1-2-3) begins in the fall quarter only. (Formerly Instruction in the Russian Language.)
RUSS 2
First-Year Russian
Lower Division
5 units
Aural comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Recitation and laboratory. Students interested in this course who have not taken the prerequisite should meet with the instructor prior to the first class meeting. (Formerly Instruction in the Russian Language.) Prerequisite(s): course 1 or by consent of instructor.
RUSS 3
First-Year Russian
Lower Division
5 units
Aural comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Recitation and laboratory. Students interested in this course who have not taken the prerequisite should meet with the instructor prior to the first class meeting. (Formerly Instruction in the Russian Language.) Prerequisite(s): course 2 or by consent of instructor.
RUSS 4
Second-Year Russian
Lower Division
5 units
Second-year courses designed to improve functional competence in speaking, listening, reading, and writing by activating basic grammar covered in introductory courses. Grammatical explanations and exercises supplemented with short readings and films. Prerequisite(s): course 3 or by consent of instructor. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
RUSS 6
Second-Year Russian
Lower Division
5 units
Second-year courses designed to improve functional competence in speaking, listening, reading, and writing by activating basic grammar covered in introductory courses. Grammatical explanations and exercises supplemented with short readings and films. (Formerly Intermediate Russian.) Prerequisite(s): course 5 or by consent of instructor. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
RUSS 80
Russian Culture Through Film
Lower Division
5 units
Explores topics in Russia and the Russian-speaking world. Students view the country, its people, history, and traditions through the lens of cinematography. Conducted in English. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
RUSS 94
Group Tutorial
Lower Division
5 units
Provides a means for a small group of students to study a particular topic in consultation with a faculty sponsor. Students submit petition to sponsoring agency.
RUSS 99
Tutorial
Lower Division
5 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency.
RUSS 99F
Tutorial
Lower Division
2 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency.
RUSS 194
Group Tutorial
Upper Division
5 units
Provides a means for a small group of students to study a particular topic in consultation with a faculty sponsor. Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. Enrollment limited to 10. May be repeated for credit.
RUSS 199
Tutorial
Upper Division
5 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
RUSS 199F
Tutorial
Upper Division
2 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
SPAN 1
First-Year Spanish
Lower Division
5 units
The first-year program is aimed at developing proficiency in Spanish. Listening, speaking, reading, and writing are addressed through classroom practice and supplemented by language laboratory work. Classes are taught entirely in Spanish and are held three days a week. (Formerly Instruction in the Spanish Language.) Prerequisite(s): Placement into Spanish 1 via the online Spanish Placement Examination.
SPAN 1A
Accelerated Beginning Spanish
Lower Division
5 units
The first part of a sequence (courses 1A and 1B) that covers first-year Spanish in two quarters. Taught entirely in Spanish at an accelerated pace. Aimed at developing students' proficiency in speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Prerequisite(s): Placement into Spanish 1 via the online Spanish Placement Examination.
SPAN 1B
Accelerated Beginning Spanish
Lower Division
5 units
The second part of a sequence (courses 1A and 1B) that covers first-year Spanish in two quarters. Taught entirely in Spanish at an accelerated pace. Aimed at developing students' proficiency in speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Prerequisite(s): course 1A.
SPAN 2
First-Year Spanish
Lower Division
5 units
The first-year program is aimed at developing proficiency in Spanish. Listening, speaking, reading, and writing are addressed through classroom practice and supplemented by language laboratory work. Classes are taught entirely in Spanish and are held three days a week. (Formerly Instruction in the Spanish Language.) Prerequisite(s): course 1 or placement into Spanish 2 via the online Spanish Placement Examination.
SPAN 3
First-Year Spanish
Lower Division
5 units
The first-year program is aimed at developing proficiency in Spanish. Listening, speaking, reading, and writing are addressed through classroom practice and supplemented by language laboratory work. Classes are taught entirely in Spanish and are held three days a week. (Formerly Instruction in the Spanish Language.) Prerequisite(s): course 2 or placement into Spanish 3 via the online Spanish Placement Examination.
SPAN 4
Second-Year Spanish
Lower Division
5 units
Includes comprehensive grammar review, composition, readings, and discussion. Reading and audiovisual material deal with various sociopolitical and cultural issues in the Spanish-speaking world. Classes are conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite(s): course 1B or 3 or placement into Spanish 4 via the online Spanish Placement Examination. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
SPAN 5
Second-Year Spanish
Lower Division
5 units
Includes comprehensive grammar review, composition, readings, and discussion. Reading and audiovisual material deal with various socio-political and cultural issues in the Spanish-speaking world. Classes are conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite(s): course 4 or placement into Spanish 5 via the online Spanish Placement Examination. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
SPAN 5M
Medical Spanish
Lower Division
5 units
Students learn medical vocabulary, useful expressions, suitable grammatical structures, and cultural background to be able to interact with Spanish-speaking patients and doctors. Medical Spanish fulfills language requirement for the health sciences and human biology majors. Prerequisite(s): Spanish 4; or Spanish for Heritage Speakers 4, or 5, or 6; or placement into Spanish 5 via the online Spanish Placement Examination. Enrollment restricted to health sciences and human biology majors. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
SPAN 6
Second-Year Spanish
Lower Division
5 units
Increases oral and written proficiency using authentic reading materials which focus on such topics as social class, ethnicity, education, religion, economic, and political developments in the Spanish-speaking world. Prerequisite(s): course 5 or 5M or placement into Spanish 6 via the online Spanish Placement Examination. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
SPAN 105
Introducción a Spanish Studies
Upper Division
5 units
Speaking, reading, and writing proficiency in Spanish is required. Explores the social, cultural, economic, and political changes that connect Latin America, Spain, and the United States Latina/o communities. Critical approach designations: Geographies, Power and Subjectivities. Distribution requirement: Global. (Formerly Introduction to Spanish Studies.) (Also offered as Literature 189C. Students cannot receive credit for both courses.) Prerequisite(s): course 6 or Spanish for Heritage Speakers 6 or permission of instructor. (General Education Code(s): ER.)
SPAN 114
Advanced Conversation and Composition
Upper Division
5 units
Advanced conversation and composition based on extensive readings in the humanities and social sciences. Students interested in this course who have not taken the prerequisite should meet with the instructor prior to the first class meeting. Prerequisite(s): satisfaction of Entry Level Writing and Composition requirements; SPAN 6, or SPAN 56, or SPSS 63, or SPHS 6, or placement into Spanish 114 via the online Spanish Placement Examination
SPAN 140
Sounds of Spanish
Upper Division
5 units
Examines the sound system of Spanish, compares the English and Spanish systems of pronunciation, and teaches the phonetic/phonological variation across dialects of Spanish. Prerequisite(s): course 6 or Spanish for Heritage Speakers 6, and Linguistics 50. Enrollment limited to 25.
SPAN 150
Topics in Hispanic Linguistics: Introduction to Hispanic Linguistics
Upper Division
5 units
Taught in Spanish. Students learn the major properties of the Spanish language from a linguistics perspective. Topics covered include: phonetics/phonology, morphology, and syntax. (Formerly Languages 150.) Prerequisite(s): Linguistics 50; and Spanish 6 or Spanish for Heritage Speakers 6 or equivalent Spanish proficiency.
SPAN 151
Topics in Hispanic Linguistics: Varieties of Spanish
Upper Division
5 units
Taught in Spanish. Explores the linguistic variety of the Spanish language in the Iberian Peninsula, the former Spanish colonies, and the Americas from a descriptive, synchronic perspective. Issues of languages in contact, variation in speech communities, and bilingualism are also introduced. Prerequisite(s): course 150. Enrollment restricted to senior Spanish studies majors.
SPAN 152
Topics in Hispanic Linguistics: Spanish in the U.S.
Upper Division
5 units
Taught in Spanish. Serves as a linguistic introduction to the varieties of Spanish that are currently spoken in the United States. Some central topics include: code-switching, language maintenance, and language contact phenomena. (Formerly Languages 152.) Prerequisite(s): course 150. Enrollment restricted to senior Spanish studies majors. Enrollment limited to 30.
SPAN 153
Topics in Hispanic Linguistics: Spanish as a Second Language
Upper Division
5 units
Taught in Spanish. Examines the Spanish language as it is acquired and used by non-native speakers. Provides an overview of language-teaching methodologies and in-depth treatment of areas of Spanish grammar/lexicon that are generally problematic for English-speaking learners. Prerequisite(s): Spanish 150. Enrollment is restricted to senior Spanish studies majors. Enrollment limited to 30.
SPAN 154
Topics in Hispanic Linguistics: Spanish Pragmatics
Upper Division
5 units
Explores how Spanish is used in context by speakers to achieve particular meanings and to realize various speech acts (e.g., requests, apologies, etc.) in socially appropriate ways. Pragmatic variation across the Spanish-speaking world is examined in depth. Prerequisite(s): course 6 or Spanish for Heritage Speakers 6; and course 150. Enrollment is restricted to juniors and seniors majoring in Spanish studies, language studies or linguistics.
SPAN 156A
The Language of Latin America Cinema
Upper Division
5 units
Explores Latin American culture through its cinematic art. Students are exposed to and participate in discussion, analysis, and commentary on important social, historical, and political issues presented in the films. Provides a greater understanding of Latin America, and works toward advanced communicative proficiency and comprehension of linguistic variations in countries such as Cuba, Argentina, Mxico, Bolivia, Chile, and others. Prerequisite(s): Spanish 6 or Spanish for Heritage Speakers 6 or placement into Spanish 156A via the online Spanish Placement Examination. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
SPAN 156E
Spanish Culture
Upper Division
5 units
A broad survey of Spanish cultural topics, including history, politics, religions, art forms, music, and films. It is based on extensive conversations, discussion, and composition. Particular emphasis is placed on key changes that have occurred during the 20th century in Spain. Classes conducted through commentary on texts read (or viewed), oral presentations, and debate. Recommended for students preparing to go to Spain with EAP. Prerequisite(s): Spanish 6 or Spanish for Heritage Speakers 6 or placement into Spanish 156E via the online Spanish Placement Examination.
SPAN 156F
El Humor en Espanol
Upper Division
5 units
Topic-oriented language course on sociopolitical and historical issues as seen through humor in different genres and media. Topics include Mafalda and Condorito (comic strips), Rius (collage of comic strips, photographs and original documents), Continflas and Almodovar (cinema), El Teatro Campesino (theater), Ana L., Vega (literature), Les Luthiers (song and music). Course deals with written and oral discourse pertaining to the following Spanish language varieties: Rio de la Plata, Mexican, Caribbean, U.S., and Peninsular. Intensive writing and speaking in Spanish. Prerequisite(s): Spanish 6 or Spanish for Heritage Speakers 6 or placement into Spanish 156F via the online Spanish Placement Examination. (General Education Code(s): TA.)
SPAN 156J
Contemporary Central America
Upper Division
5 units
Introduces Central American cultures, including an overview of historical, political, and socioeconomic development, and cultural products, such as literature, film, and visual arts. Emphasis placed on the forces that shaped contemporary Central America, cultural and ethnic diversity, identity, revolutionary processes, diaspora, and building democracy in post-civil conflict societies. Draws attention to the linguistic features of Central American variations of Spanish. The class is conducted in Spanish with high expectations to enhance oral and written proficiency through writing assignments, research tasks, group presentations, analysis, discussion, and debate. Prerequisite(s): course 6 or Spanish for Heritage Speakers 6 or placement into Spanish 156J via the online Spanish Placement Examination. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
SPAN 156M
Mexico and the Southwest
Upper Division
5 units
An interdisciplinary survey of the cultural history of the Mexican people in both Mexico and the U.S. Southwest. Topics include literature, art, folklore, oral tradition, music, politics, as well as "everyday" cultural manifestations. Conducted in Spanish. May be counted toward fulfillment of upper-division major requirements for Latin American and Latino studies and language studies. (Formerly Spanish for Spanish Speakers 125.) Prerequisite(s): Spanish 6 or Spanish for Heritage Speakers 6 or equivalent Spanish proficiency. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
SPAN 190A
Temas de la literatura y cultura españolas y latinoamericanas
Upper Division
5 units
Speaking, reading, and writing proficiency in Spanish is required. Examines authors or issues in Spanish and Latin American literature and cultures. Course topics changes; see the Class Search for the current topic. Critical approach designations: Geographies, Histories. Distribution requirement: Senior Seminar. Spanish studies majors may use this course to satisfy the Spanish studies senior exit requirement. (Formerly Topics in Spanish and Latin American Literature and Culture.) (Also offered as Literature 190X. Students cannot receive credit for both courses.) Prerequisite(s): Spanish 114 or Spanish for Heritage Speakers 115. Enrollment is restricted to senior Spanish studies majors. May be repeated for credit. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
SPAN 199
Tutorial
Upper Division
5 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
SPAN 199F
Tutorial
Upper Division
2 units
Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.
SPHS 4
Spanish for Heritage Speakers
Lower Division
5 units
Deals with orthography, lexicon development, morphology, syntax, and other linguistic topics as applied to the development of all language skills (listening, reading, speaking, and writing). Emphasizes reading and writing about well-known and pivotal authentic texts of varying genres and formats from the Spanish-speaking world. Emphasis is on the United States, Mexico, and Spain. Students need to use the self-placement questionnaire posted on the Language Program web page. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
SPHS 5
Spanish for Heritage Speakers
Lower Division
5 units
Deals with orthography, lexicon development, morphology, syntax, and other linguistic topics as applied to the development of all language skills (listening, reading, speaking, and writing). Emphasizes reading and writing about well-known and pivotal authentic texts of varying genres and formats from the Spanish-speaking world. Emphasis is on Central America and the Caribbean. Prerequisite(s): SPSS 61 or SPHS 4 or by consent of program coordinator. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
SPHS 6
Spanish for Heritage Speakers
Lower Division
5 units
Deals with orthography, lexicon development, morphology, syntax, and other linguistic topics as applied to the development of all language skills (listening, reading, speaking, and writing). Emphasizes reading and writing about well-known and pivotal authentic texts of varying genres and formats from the Spanish-speaking world. Emphasis is on South America. Prerequisite(s): SPSS 62 or SPHS 5. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
SPHS 115
El ensayo lectura, analisis y redaccion
Upper Division
5 units
Centers on three areas: essay reading, essay analysis and interpretation, and essay writing. Student read representative essays by Latin American writers, analyze their discourse structure, and apply the lessons learned to their own writing. Prerequisite(s): satisfaction of the Entry Level Writing and Composition requirements; Spanish 6 or Spanish for Heritage Speakers 6. Enrollment restricted to sophomore, junior, and senior Spanish studies majors.
YIDD 1
First-Year Yiddish
Lower Division
5 units
Introduces the Yiddish language. Students learn to speak and to ask others in Yiddish about themselves and about common situations (the classroom, work, family), and learn to read and write simple Yiddish texts. (Formerly Introduction to Yiddish.)
YIDD 2
First-Year Yiddish
Lower Division
5 units
Follows course 1 (formerly Hebrew 10), expanding vocabulary to include the weather, physical health and sickness, holidays, clothing, etc., and increasing student ability for self-expression using different tenses and grammatical cases. (Formerly Introduction to Yiddish.) Prerequisite(s): course 1 or Hebrew 10 or by consent of instructor.
YIDD 3
First-Year Yiddish
Lower Division
5 units
Follows course 2, expanding vocabulary to include food, travel, and academic life, with an emphasis on the expression of feelings and opinions, agreement and disagreement, making use of all tenses and all grammatical cases. Prerequisite(s): course 2, or by permission of the instructor.